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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-15

Hypertension prevalence and body mass index correlates among patients with diabetes mellitus in Oghara, Nigeria

Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine Unit, Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Anizor Chinedu
Department of Internal Medicine, Delsuth, P.M.B. 07, Oghara, Delta State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1118-4647.158707

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Background: Hypertension and abnormal body mass index (BMI) are a cause of increased morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of hypertension with correlates to BMI among patients with DM seen in a tertiary hospital in Oghara, Delta State. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and forty-four diabetic subjects were retrospectively evaluated at the Endocrinology Clinic of the Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara, Nigeria. Data obtained from medical records included presence of hypertension confirmed by presence of elevated blood pressure >140/90 mmHg on two consecutive clinic visits or known hypertensive on medications, age, sex, type of diabetes, weight and height with computation of BMI. Results: The prevalence of hypertension among the diabetic patients was 57.4%. Eighty-two males (58.5%) were hypertensive compared with 58 (41.5%) in female subjects. The prevalence of hypertension was higher in overweight and obese diabetic subjects than in normal weight subjects and also higher in type 2 diabetic patients compared to type 1, which were both statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Hypertension is a common co-morbidity arising diabetic patients in this study. The focus must be on health education, lifestyle modification and adherence to anti-hypertensive therapy to control hypertension in diabetic patients.

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